(a) “Seller” as used herein means Vulcan Refractories Limited.
(b) “Agreement” means an agreement between the Seller and the Buyer for the sale by the Seller to the Buyer of the products
of any description.
(c) The word “product” used herein shall mean a product or products or any mixture or combination agreed in any
Agreement, to be supplied to the Buyer and shall include any containers in which the same are supplied unless otherwise
(d) All orders are accepted on the understanding that these Conditions of Sale apply. No variation of these Conditions
of Sale shall be binding on the Seller unless agreed in writing and signed by a Director of the Seller.
(e) “Working Day” is understood to be the days of the week from Monday to Friday unless declared a public holiday or Bank
Holiday by the UK government.
(f) All matters concerning an agreement under these Conditions of Sale shall be decided according to the Laws of England.
1 Orders and Specifications
(a) No order submitted by the Buyer shall be deemed to be accepted by the Seller unless and until confirmed in writing
by the Seller’s authorised representative.
(b) The specification for the Goods shall be those set out in the Seller’s sales documentation unless varied
expressly in the Buyer’s order (if accepted by the Seller). The Goods will only be supplied in the minimum units (or multiples)
stated in the Seller’s price list or in multiples of the sales outer as specified. Orders received for quantities other than these
will be adjusted accordingly, illustrations, photographs or descriptions whether in catalogues, brochures, price lists or
other documents issued by the Seller are intended as a guide only and shall not be binding on the Seller.
(c) The Seller reserves the right to make any changes in the specification of the Goods which are required to conform
with any applicable safety or other statutory or regulatory requirements or, where the Goods are to be supplied to the Seller’s
specification, which do not materially affect their quality or performance.
(d) No order which has been accepted by the Seller may be cancelled by the Buyer except with the agreement in
writing of the Seller on the terms that the Buyer shall indemnify the Seller in full against all loss (including loss of profit),
costs (including the cost of all labour and materials used), damages, charges and expenses incurred by the Seller as a result
(e) Where Goods are not standard items and have to be manufactured specially for the Customer, the Customer
agrees to accept and to pay for the actual quantity of all such Goods produced according to the following tabulation:
Non Standard special items
Ordered Quantities Maximum actual order
variance 1 – 10 +
11 -25 + 2 item
26-50 +3 item
51-100 +4 item
Over 100 +5% of total quantity ordered
2. Price Variation
Any price quoted in any agreement is the Seller’s price ruling at the date thereof and includes any variance in the price by
notice in writing to the Buyer and the varied price shall apply to such of the products as is delivered after service of such notice.
If the Buyer considers such variations unreasonable, he may by notice in writing to the Seller served upon the Seller
within One Working Day of service upon the Buyer of the Seller’s notice cancel the Agreement and thereupon neither party
shall be under further liability thereunder, other than any accrued at the date of service by the Buyer of notice on the Seller as
3. Delivery or Shipment
(a) The delivery dates given in any Agreement are given in good faith but are estimates only and no liability whatsoever
can be accepted by the Seller for delays in delivery howsoever caused and the Buyer shall not be entitled to refuse to
accept the product by reason of any delay in delivery unless specifically agreed with the seller
(b) Each delivery made under any Agreement shall be considered to be a separate contract.
(c) The Buyer shall treat any delivery, which the Seller procures to be made on its behalf, as a delivery
(d) The Seller reserves the right to make deliveries in installments.
4. Passing of Property and Risk
(a) Title in the product shall pass, on payment being received by the Seller, in full into his bank account, for the whole of any
(b) Risk in the product passes to the Buyer on delivery
(c) Delivery occurs:-
(i) In the case of product collected from the seller, when the pallets or other containers are loaded on to the collecting vehicle.
In the case of product delivered to an address in the United Kingdom, or by agreement an address in mainland Europe,
where the pallets or other containers have been removed from the transporting vehicle at such address.
(ii) In the case of product delivered F.O.B. or C.I.F. when the pallets or other containers have passed over the ship’s rail or
(d) Where it is agreed that the product shall be collected by the Buyer notwithstanding that the Agreement provides that the
Seller shall deliver, delivery of the products so collected shall occur as provided in paragraph (c)(i) above.
5. Terms of payment
(a) Unless otherwise agreed in writing payment shall be due 30 days from the date of invoice.
(b) Notwithstanding condition 5 (a), the Seller may, at any time, require the Buyer to make payment in advance of delivery or
to advance adequate security for the payment of all amounts due or becoming due.
(c) Without prejudice to the right of the Seller to payment in accordance with the terms of payment specified in 5 (a) the Seller
shall at its discretion have the right to charge interest at the rate of 2% over UK base rate per month or part of a month on any
amount more than 15 days overdue. Such interest to accrue on a daily basis after as well as before any judgement.
6. Seller’s Warranty
(a) The Seller warrants that the product delivered to the Buyer will comply with the specification or description given in any
Agreement. In the absence of such specification or description the product shall be of normal industrial quality.
(b) Save as provided in this condition, no representation, warranty, condition or term, expressed or implied, statutory or
otherwise as to the quality of the product, its fitness for any purpose or compliance with any sample or description or in any
other respect shall apply to any Agreement or to any delivery made thereunder.
(c) The Seller shall not be responsible for any injury loss or damage, howsoever caused, arising directly or indirectly
from the storage, application, or use of the product. Any representation, advice or recommendation given by the Seller,
its servants or agents as to the mode of storing, applying or using the product is given without liability on the part of the
Seller its servants or agents.
(d) The Seller’s liability for all direct loss or damage resulting to the Buyer from defective product or from any other cause
whatsoever shall be limited to the purchase price of the product, unless the Seller shall have replaced such defective
product with product conforming in all respects with the Agreement, in which event the Seller shall be under no further
liability to the Buyer.
(e) No representation, warranty or indemnity is implied that the product does not infringe any letters patent, trade marks,
registered designs or other industrial property rights.
(f) If any statutory provisions shall avoid or make unenforceable any of the provisions of the forgoing paragraphs 6 (a)
(c) (d) and (e), such paragraphs shall be deemed to apply with the exclusion of such of the provisions thereof which
shall be void or unenforceable.
(g) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Contract the Seller does not seek to exclude liability for
(i) Sellers’ negligence in manufacture or supply of Goods delivered to the buyer which negligence causes death or
(ii) Any breach on the part of the seller under the Consumer Protection Act 1987.
7. Termination of the Agreement
If at any time during the term of any Agreement,
(i) Any sum of money due thereunder from the Buyer to the Seller shall have been due and unpaid for 16 days,
(ii) The Buyer shall be in breach of any other terms thereof or of these conditions
(iii) The Buyer is unable to meet his obligations as they fall due, or is insolvent or (being an individual) shall have
committed any act of bankruptcy or (being a company) shall enter into liquidation (other than a voluntary liquidation for the
purpose of reconstruction or amalgamation in terms previously approved in writing by the Seller) or shall have had a
receiver appointed or execution levied over any of its assets.
The Seller may, without prejudice to any other right or remedy that it may have:
(i) Repossess the Product and
(ii) Terminate the Agreement forthwith.
(iii) Suspend further deliveries under the agreement.
Should the Seller suspend deliveries, he may at any subsequent time, terminate the Agreement. Should the Seller
waive or delay his right to suspend deliveries he shall not be stopped from suspending later deliveries or from
terminating the Agreement. No Agreement may be cancelled or suspended without the Seller’s written consent. Any
consent so given shall be given only on the express condition that the Seller be compensated against any loss incurred
wholly or in part by that cancellation or suspension.
8. Force Majeure
(a) The Seller shall in no circumstance be liable for any loss caused by or resulting from inability to deliver, or delay in delivery
arising from any circumstance beyond its control including in particular but without limiting the generality of the foregoing,
force majeure, Act of God or the Queen’s enemies, fire, flood, ice, frost, withdrawal of labour, breakdown of machinery, loss or
detention of vessels or other means of transport, inability to arrange transport by the Seller’s normal methods, delay in
loading or discharging goods, inability to obtain supplies of goods or raw materials, or restrictions on the use of or supply of
fuel or power.
(b) In the event inability to deliver or delay in delivery by reason of any of the above mentioned causes, the Seller may suspend
delivery, and at its option the Seller may (whether or not it has already suspended deliveries) by notice in writing to the Buyer
cancel the Agreement in whole or as to any unfulfilled part.
9. Packing and Marking
While it is intended that the packages shall bear a description of the product contained therein, the Buyer must ensure at the
time of delivery that the packages are so marked. Unless otherwise agreed in writing with the Seller all packages and other
containers are non-returnable. Packages and containers specified as returnable remain the property of the Seller and
shall not be used for any other purpose than storage of the product supplied. The packages and the containers must be
returned to the seller in good condition, as soon as possible, carriage paid to an address indicated by the Seller
10. Buyer’s Obligation
(a) It is the condition precedent to liability on any claim relating to the specifications or quality of the product that such claim is
made in writing within 3 days of the delivery concerned in respect of the goods.
(b) While the Seller will use his best endeavours to comply with any instructions the Buyer may give as to the markings to be
placed on the packages, the Seller accepts no responsibility for any failure and the Buyer shall indemnify the Seller
against all the consequences to the Seller of complying with the Buyer’s instructions in respect of so packing and
marking the product.
(c) If the product is delivered in a damaged state, or in the event of loss, shortage, non-delivery, or delay the Buyer is required
to notify the Seller and the Carriers (if any) within 3 days of delivery giving full details of the alleged damage, loss, shortage,
non-delivery, damages or delay. Such notification is required to protect the Seller against third parties and this
condition does not confer any additional rights on the Buyer.
(d) If the Buyer shall fail to give such notice as is required in conditions 10 (b) and 10 (d) then the product shall be deemed in all
respects to be in accordance with the Agreement and the Buyer shall be deemed to have accepted the product.
(e) The product in respect of which the Buyer makes any claim shall be preserved intact as delivered. The Seller or its agents
shall have the right to attend the Buyer’s premises to investigate the complaint. Any breach of this condition shall preclude the
Buyer from making any claim against the Seller in respect of any defect in the product, and from refusing to accept the product.
11. Seller’s Marks
The Buyer shall not, in selling its product, in promoting the sale thereof, make any reference to the Seller, or to any of the
Seller’s trademarks or brand names without the Seller’s written consent.
This Agreement shall not be assigned or transferred by the Buyer directly or indirectly except with the prior written consent of
Any notice required to be given under any Agreement or these conditions shall be given in writing, (including telex and
facsimile transmission), and sent or delivered to the party for whom it is intended at the address stated in the Agreement or to
such other address in the United Kingdom as that party may in writing substitute. Such notice shall if posted be deemed to have
been served 24 hours after the posting by first class post in a properly addressed pre-paid envelope or if sent by telex or
facsimile at the time of transmission.
14. Health and Safety
All goods are sold on the basis that the Buyer will take notice of the care and handling recommendations as supplied by the
Seller or manufacturer of the goods, or failing such recommendations, follow the highest standards of care adopted by the
trade in respect of such goods. If the Buyer is not already in possession of literature or information in connection with the safe
use of the product at work then contact should be made with the Seller.
15. Confidentiality, Publications and Endorsements
The Buyer undertakes to the Seller that:-
(a) the Buyer will regard as confidential the contract and all information obtained by the Buyer relating to the business
and/or products of the Seller and will not use or disclose to any third party such information without the Seller’s prior written
consent provided that this undertaking shall not apply to information which is in the public domain other than by reason of the
(b) the Buyer will not use or authorise or permit any other person to use any name, trademark, house mark, emblem or
symbol which the Seller is licensed to use or which is owned by the Seller upon any premises note paper visiting cards
advertisement or other printed matter or in any other manner whatsoever unless such use shall have been previously
authorised in writing by the Seller and (where appropriate) its Licensor;
(c) the Buyer will use all reasonable endeavours to ensure compliance with this Condition by its employees,
servants and agents.
(d) This Condition shall survive the termination of the Contract.
16. Governing Law and Jurisdiction
The Contract shall be governed by the laws of England and the parties agree to submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the
Issue Number 01.05.08
Place of Issue Cheadle, Stoke on
Trent. Revision No 0